Jewish rabbi and theologian Chatam Sofer (real name Moše Schreiber) was the pride of the Bratislava Jewish community in the early 19th century, and is still revered in Orthodox circles as the world's greatest rabbi. He headed the Bratislava yeshiva (rabbinical school), which was one of the leading centres of traditional Jewish education in Europe. At its height, it had 400 students and was the largest yeshiva since Babylonian times.
He died on October 3, 1839 at the age of 77, and his grave is located in the Mausoleum of Chatam Sofer, built on the site of the oldest Jewish cemetery in Bratislava (which was destroyed during World War II to construct a tunnel). It was ceremoniously opened in 2002 as a unique monument in Slovakia.
The site on a gentle hillside between the Danube and Bratislava Castle was designed by architect Martin Kvasnica, and complies with strict Jewish law and the highest standards of contemporary architecture. As reported by the portal tädö.sk, an important requirement was to ensure access for kohens (descendants of temple priests) who (according to Jewish law) are not allowed to enter a cemetery. The architect solved this problem with an access footbridge above the cemetery ceiling.
There are 23 graves in the original place and 41 tombstones in the mausoleum. Chatam Sofer monument is part of the Slovak route of Jewish cultural heritage.