The ninth of September 2023 will mark 82 years since the Jewish Code was approved, having been based on the Nazi model and among the harshest anti-Jewish measures in Europe at the time. According to the director of the Museum of Jewish Culture, Michal Vaněk, this memorial day "gives people the opportunity to consider how a law issued by a country’s highest legislative power can lead from withholding human and civil rights to the extermination of tens of thousands of people on the basis of race, religion or sexual orientation.
" Anti-Jewish policy was supported by the government, representatives of the Diet, members of Hlinka's Slovak People's Party (HSĽS), Hlinka's Guard (HG), regional politicians, and the media. The Jewish Code regulated how Jews should be recorded, introduced their public designation, and excluded them from education. Restrictions also applied to marriage and sexual relations, and regulated the transfer of Jewish property to Aryan ownership. It resulted in the deportation of Jews to Nazi concentration camps: transports left Slovakia from 25 March 1942 to 20 October 1942, with almost 58,000 Jews deported.
The next wave took place from September 1944 to March 1945, with over 70,000 Jewish citizens from Slovakia perishing. The suffering of the Jews during the Second World War is also commemorated by the Holocaust Memorial in Bratislava (unveiled on 28 August 1997 where the synagogue originally stood) and the Holocaust Museum in Sered (established in 2016 on the site of a former labor and concentration camp).